Zambia has the fourth highest birth rate in the world and an extremely high HIV/AIDs burden. These factors combined with a high level of poverty – 60.5% of the population live below the poverty line – and a low level of education mean that life expectancy is low at 52 years old.
Heavena is a resource centre for women who have suffered trafficking, domestic abuse, violence and trauma. Building on nearly 20 years of experience as a refuge and transitional shelter for abused women and their children, Heavena now focuses on supporting women and their children in the community. This enables them to help more women, with a broader range of needs.
Tourists see one side of Sri Lanka – sun-drenched beaches and luxury hotels. But just along Dehiwela beach is another world. This beach slum is full of squalid, ramshackle huts. Families here experience high unemployment, frequent alcoholism and domestic violence. Children are vulnerable to foreign 'sex tourists'.
The long rule of dictator Nicolae Ceausescu and his police state was overthrown in 1989. Former communists dominated the government until 1996 when they were swept from power. Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.
Kibera is the largest slum in Africa, located on the outskirts of Kenya's capital Nairobi. Heavily polluted by human waste and garbage, estimates vary, but up to one million people are believed to live crammed into an area of only 2.5 square kilometres, in wood and sheet metal shacks.
Kayah State (formerly Karenni State) is the smallest, least accessible and poorest of the 14 ethnic states in Myanmar. For many years, government forces conducted a policy of ethnic cleansing against the Karenni and other minority people groups. Ceasefires signed in 2012, and nationwide in 2015, are potentially still fragile.
Whilst India is emerging as a power on the world stage, the contrast between rich and poor is still profound. According to a study published in 2016, India is the second most unequal country in the world, with just 1% of the population owning over 50% of the total wealth. For those at the bottom of the heap, life is tough. Figures are endlessly disputed, but probably around a quarter of the population – an estimated 300 million people - still live below an extremely low poverty line.
India is emerging as a power on the world stage, and yet poverty is a significant problem across the country. Figures from 2016 show that over 50% of India’s wealth is owned by just 1% of the population. For India's poorest people, life is very tough. Actual numbers are endlessly disputed, but probably around a quarter of the population – an estimated 300 million people - still live below an extremely low poverty line.